Latin-Jazz Reference Materials

Prominent Afro-Cuban Musical Figures/Ensembles

1920’s – Sexteto Habanero

  • First son band to use acoustic bass. The botija (clay jug) and marimbula (thumb piano ) were previously used.
  • Added brass to the orchestration.

Late 1920’s – Septeto nacional

  • In general, this group played much tighter and faster than son bands of the past.
  • the Spanish influence was much more prevalent than with the Sexteto Habanero.

1930’s – Arsenio Rodriguez

  • Revolutionized the son by extending the estribillo (call and response) section to a full blown montuno.
  • Enlarged the orchestration by adding the tumbadora (conga).
  • Paved the way for the popular dance craze, the mambo.

1940’s-50’s – Machito, Tito Puente, Tito Rodriguez

  • First figures to be associated with “Latin-Jazz”
  • Still considered to be son ensembles, these groups began to employ jazz harmonies into their music.
  • Salsa craze begins to explode in New York City

1950’s – present – Chano Pozo, Celia Cruz, Mongo Santamaria, Poncho Sanchez, Dizzy Gillespie

Good books which focus on Latin Styles:

Castro, Ruy. Bossa Nova – The Story of the Brazilian Music That Seduced the World. A Cappella Books. Chicago, 2000.

da Fonseca, Duduka & Bob Weiner. Brazilian Rhythms for Drumset. Warner Bros. Hialeah, FL, 1996.

Faria, Nelson & Korman, Cliff. Inside the Brazilian Rhythm Section. Sher Music. Petaluma, CA. 2001.

Gerard, Charlie, et al. Salsa: The Rhythm of Latin Music.

Loza, Steven. Tito Puente and the Making of Latin Music. Univ. of Illinois Press, Urbana and Chicago, 1999.

Malabe, Frank & Weiner, Bob. Afro-Cuban Rhythms for Drumset. Warner Bros. Hialeah, FL, ca. 1990.

Mauleon, Rebecca. 101 Montunos. Sher Music. Petaluma, CA., 1999.

Mauleon, Rebecca. Salsa Guidebook. Sher Music. Petaluma, CA., 1993.

McGowen, Chris & Pessanha, Ricardo. The Brazilian Sound. Billboard Book, NY., 1991.

Roberts, John Storm. Latin Jazz – The First of the Fusion, 1880’s to Today. Schirmer. NY, 1999.

Rodriguez, Dr. Olavo Alen. From Afro-Cuban to Salsa.